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Literature Library | Refinery

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) catalyst and additive offerings together with our expert technical services build the right solution to create value within any unit’s constraints.

Thumbnail for: Aegis®

Aegis®

Aegis is a flexible FCC catalyst that delivers outstanding coke-selective bottoms cracking from the heaviest feeds.

File: pdf (197.475 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Altrium® Performance Profile

Altrium® Performance Profile

Altrium® is the newest BASF catalyst based on the combined technologies AIM (Advanced Innovative Matrix) and IZY (Improved Zeolite-Y).

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Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: An evergreen optimisation approach - June 2021

An evergreen optimisation approach - June 2021

A. Chen, A. Novotny, T. Case, D. Banks, and B. Eren, BASF, USA, outline how FCC catalysts optimise bottoms cracking.

File: pdf (7.107 MB)

Language: english

Categories: Adsorbents, Refinery, Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Boosting profitability in a maximum propylene FCC - January 2021

Boosting profitability in a maximum propylene FCC - January 2021

Refiner and supplier collaborated to evaluate, prepare, and execute the revamp of an FCC and an LPG olefins additive trial.

File: pdf (253.589 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Adsorbents, Refinery, Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: BoroCat®

BoroCat®

Building on our core competencies in materials science and surface chemistry, BASF’s BoroCat offers excellent performance and flexibility for refiners requiring maximum conversion from a higher nickel resid feed.

File: pdf (362.189 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: BoroCat® Performance Profile

BoroCat® Performance Profile

BoroCat, BASF’s first catalyst using novel Boron-Based Technology (BBT), provides high metals tolerance for lowest hydrogen and coke yields, and improves liquid product yields for over $0.30/bbl profitability improvement.

File: pdf (440.065 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Boroflex®

Boroflex®

Boroflex uses the latest in metals passivation technology along with a coke-selective matrix to provide superior bottoms upgrading for residue feedstocks.

File: pdf (119.07 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Boroflex® Performance Profile

Boroflex® Performance Profile

Based on BASF’s novel Boron Based Technology (BBT), Boroflex delivers 30% higher bottoms conversion for a 1.30 $/bbl profitability improvement.

File: pdf (105.222 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Borotec®

Borotec®

Borotec® offers high performance for moderately contaminated feeds requiring maximum conversion.

File: pdf (362.132 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Borotec® Performance Profile

Borotec® Performance Profile

BASF’s Borotec catalyst uses novel Boron-Based Technology (BBT) to provide higher conversion and metals tolerance for a moderate resid feedstock delivering a profitability improvement of $0.23/bbl

File: pdf (391.524 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: CONQUERNOX®

CONQUERNOX®

BASF’s FCC additive CONQUERNOX is a low NOx promoter for the catalytic oxidation of CO to CO2 in an FCC regenerator at low NOx emissions.

File: pdf (381.445 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Converter®

Converter®

Based on BASF’s commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology, Converter delivers activity enhancement with the added benefit of cokeselective bottoms upgrading

File: pdf (252.953 KB)

Language: english

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Thumbnail for: Converter® Performance Profile I

Converter® Performance Profile I

Using Converter, gasoline production increased and slurry yields decreased at constant regenerator temperature during peak season

File: pdf (244.336 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Converter® Performance Profile II

Converter® Performance Profile II

Converter is part of BASF’s Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology and helps refiners increase profitability and gasoline yield while lowering operating costs

File: pdf (322.465 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Converter® Performance Profile III

Converter® Performance Profile III

Gasoline production increased and slurry yields decreased at constant regenerator temperature during peak season with addition of Converter

File: pdf (243.878 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Defender®

Defender®

Defender is a premium FCC catalyst engineered for heavy resid feeds that require outstanding vanadium tolerance and best-in-class coke selectivity.

File: pdf (282.979 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Development of FTIR Spectroscopy Methodology for Characterization of Boron Species in FCC Catalysts - November 2020

Development of FTIR Spectroscopy Methodology for Characterization of Boron Species in FCC Catalysts - November 2020

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) has maintained its crucial role in refining decades after its initial introduction owing to the flexibility it has as a process as well as the developments in its key enabler, the FCC catalyst. Boron-based technology (BBT) for passivation of contaminant metals in FCC catalysts represents one such development.

File: pdf (2.567 MB)

Language: english

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Thumbnail for: Endurance®

Endurance®

Endurance is designed for moderate resid or hydrotreated resid feed applications needing enhanced metals passivation.

File: pdf (232.589 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: EnviroSOx

EnviroSOx

EnviroSOx delivers high SOx reduction performance to cost-effectively assist refiners in meeting tightening air quality limits on FCC regenerator off-gas emissions.

File: pdf (230.735 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: EnviroSOx Performance Profile

EnviroSOx Performance Profile

EnviroSOx, BASF’s latest Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) additive, shows superior performance by routinely delivering less than 25 ppm SOx even at high feed sulfur levels.

File: pdf (196.914 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: EnviroSOx White Paper

EnviroSOx White Paper

Applying BASF’s EnviroSOx additive, the PKN ORLEN Płock refinery was able to maintain FCC flue gas SOx emissions below 800 mg/Nm3 (@ 3 vol% O2) during a planned hydrocracker turnaround, enabling the FCC to process non-hydrotreated feed without sacrificing throughput.

File: pdf (559.056 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Evolve®

Evolve®

BASF’s newest additive, Evolve, maximizes butylenes selectivity and production in the FCCU for refineries who value butylenes.

File: pdf (93.854 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: EZ Flow®

EZ Flow®

BASF’s EZ Flow works to improve fluidization characteristics of the FCC catalyst providing improved catalyst circulation

File: pdf (378.591 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: FCC catalyst deactivation studies to mimic refinery conditions for high-propylene applications

FCC catalyst deactivation studies to mimic refinery conditions for high-propylene applications

BASF’s joint publication with CEPSA on FCC catalyst deactivation studies makes clear that lowering the metal content, using a cracking deactivation method or moving to a steam-only deactivation campaign are the best options for FCC catalyst selection.

File: pdf (829.582 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Flex-Tec®

Flex-Tec®

Flex-Tec is a high activity catalyst for reducing mass transfer limitation and metals effects with contaminated feedstocks.

File: pdf (283.366 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Flex-Tec® Performance Profile

Flex-Tec® Performance Profile

Flex-Tec is a premium resid FCC catalyst based on the Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology providing high conversion and liquid yields even with heavy, highly contaminated resid FCC feeds

File: pdf (286.096 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Fortress® NXT

Fortress® NXT

BASF’s Fortress NXT delivers superior metals passivation and increases liquid product yields

File: pdf (339.875 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Fourte®

Fourte®

Fourte maximizes butylenes production in the FCCU and increases gasoline octane while preserving catalyst activity.

File: pdf (117.838 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Fourte® Performance Profile

Fourte® Performance Profile

Fourte delivers higher butylenes yields for a $0.68 / bbl profitability improvement.

File: pdf (118.301 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Fourtune™ Performance Profile

Fourtune™ Performance Profile

Next generation Fluid Catalytic Cracking Catalyst Performance for butylenes maximization over propylene

File: pdf (263.731 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: HDUltra®

HDUltra®

Based on BASF’s Prox-SMZ (Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite) technology, HDUltra is the most effective route to increasing LCO yield from an FCC unit.

File: pdf (379.377 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: HDXtra®

HDXtra®

HDXtra® is a premium FCC catalyst that helps refiners meet demand for diesel from their Vacuum Gas Oil (VGO) FCC units.

File: pdf (167.042 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: HDXtra® Performance Profile

HDXtra® Performance Profile

HDXtra® is a premium resid FCC catalyst based on the Prox-SMZ (Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite) technology that offers high matrix activity with enhanced coke selectivity to help refiners meet the growing need for diesel fuel

File: pdf (301.605 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Luminate®

Luminate®

Luminate is a flexible FCC catalyst that delivers outstanding coke selectivity for increased yields of valuable liquid products.

File: pdf (125.762 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Luminate® Performance Profile

Luminate® Performance Profile

Based on BASF’s new Improved Zeolite Y (IZY) technology, Luminate offers refiners improved coke selectivity and higher liquid yields.

File: pdf (85.31 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Maximum Propylene Solution (MPS)

Maximum Propylene Solution (MPS)

Maximum Propylene Solution (MPS) combines Y-zeolite and ZSM-5 for synergies delivering high activity, propylene selectivity, and minimum delta coke.

File: pdf (232.466 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Naphtha Max® III Technical Note

File: pdf (492.8 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: NaphthaClean®

NaphthaClean®

Based on the combination of BASF’s awardwinning and commercially-proven Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology and sulfur reduction technology, NaphthaClean gives the refiner both maximum gasoline production and maximum gasoline sulfur reduction.

File: pdf (218.092 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: NaphthaMax®

NaphthaMax®

Based on our commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology, NaphthaMax is designed to provide enhanced diffusion of feed molecules to pre-cracking sites that are located on the external, exposed surface of highly dispersed zeolite crystals.

File: pdf (232.52 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: NaphthaMax® III

NaphthaMax® III

NaphthaMax® III utilizes targeted process improvements that optimize rare earth addition and calcination sequences giving it more uniform catalyst properties. This makes NaphthaMax III highly coke-selective with increased zeolite hydrothermal stability meaning higher unit activity and increased light olefin selectivity.

File: pdf (394.449 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: NaphthaMax® III Performance Profile

NaphthaMax® III Performance Profile

NaphthaMax III, using BASF’s Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology, can benefit refiners in need of high bottoms conversion and lower coke make

File: pdf (308.728 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Octane Improvement in FCC Units: An Open Choice—March 2021

Octane Improvement in FCC Units: An Open Choice—March 2021

Hernando Salgado and Melissa Clough Mastry, BASF Refining Catalysts, offer a review of octane improvement methods in an FCC unit and assess each method’s advantages and disadvantages.

File: pdf (7.858 MB)

Language: english

Categories: Adsorbents, Refinery, Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: PetroMax®

PetroMax®

BASF’s PetroMax FCC Catalyst provides a balance of matrix and zeolite activity for high conversion from hydrotreated and vacuum gas oil feeds.

File: pdf (281.383 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: ProCat®

ProCat®

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) additive for the reduction of regenerator afterburn and CO emissions.

File: pdf (279.928 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Prox-SMZ Platform Technical Note

Prox-SMZ Platform Technical Note

BASF has developed an innovative catalytic technology platform for maximizing distillate yields from a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. This unique platform, designated Prox-SMZ for Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite, combines attributes from both high zeolite and high matrix activity catalysts.

File: pdf (1.403 MB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Resid to propylene: the two-step approach - March 2020

Resid to propylene: the two-step approach - March 2020

For maximum propylene from the FCC unit, refiners should customise their catalyst for properties best suited to deep conversion that can handle residue feeds

File: pdf (672.976 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Adsorbents, Refinery, Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Role of chlorides in reactivation of contaminant nickel on fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts—February 2021

Role of chlorides in reactivation of contaminant nickel on fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts—February 2021

Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is an important process for the conversion of crude oil into valuable products including fuels, lubricants, and precursors for making other products.

File: pdf (3.35 MB)

Language: english

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Thumbnail for: Stamina®

Stamina®

Stamina is a premium FCC catalyst that helps refiners processing resid feedstocks to meet the increased global demand for diesel fuels.

File: pdf (300.642 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Stamina® Performance Profile

Stamina® Performance Profile

Stamina, BASF’s latest Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst offering from the Prox-SMZ platform, demonstrates 45% better bottoms upgrading at commercial refinery trial.

File: pdf (179.388 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: Stamina® Technical Note

Stamina® Technical Note

New Resid Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst Technology for Maximum Distillates Yield Demonstrated in Big West Oil’s Salt Lake City Refinery

File: pdf (533.292 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Gated Resource: Understanding HCN in FCC: Formation, effects and mitigating options - June 2021

Understanding HCN in FCC: Formation, effects and mitigating options - June 2021

In these challenging times, fluidized catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) aim to improve margins by processing poorer or different-quality feeds, while maintaining good yield performance.

File: pdf (794.105 KB)

Language: english

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Thumbnail for: USP

USP

BASF’s USP CO Promoter catalyzes oxidation of CO to CO2 in an FCC regenerator. The USP promoted CO oxidation takes place in the dense phase in the regenerator and hence allows control of the CO content of the off-gas, as well as controlling the thermal CO afterburn in the dilute phase.

File: pdf (427.783 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: ZIP Olefins Additive

ZIP Olefins Additive

ZIP Olefins Additive, a ZSM-5-based additive has a multi-stage phosphorous treatment to maximize propylene yield and gasoline octane from the FCC unit

File: pdf (252.464 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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Thumbnail for: ZIP Olefins Additive Performance Profile

ZIP Olefins Additive Performance Profile

ZIP, BASF's latest Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Olefins Additive, produces maximum propylene while using less ZSM-5 Additive.

File: pdf (199.724 KB)

Language: english

Categories: Chemical Catalysts, Refinery

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